Birgit Hausleitner

Being educated as urbanist and architect, I emphasise on working through the scales, from the building to the city region. My research focuses on the urban morphological and socio-spatial preconditions that influence urban programme, with a special interest in mixed-use and diversity. Moreover, I am involved in developing multi-scalar analytic methods, as well as multi-scalar and multi-actor design instruments.

Mixed-use and diversity are both scale-depended. The scale on which we find a mixture of functions or people indicates what living qualities or conflicts the users of an area may experience. Not only present effects of spatial proximity of people and activities are important to investigate, but also their change through time puts a challenge to the planning and design of the urban programme. Preparing adaptable urban conditions in our cities (and regions) is crucial to accommodate also non-foreseen urban programme, shifting economies and changing demographics.

Thesis projects I supervise will base on socio-economic trends and technological advances, societal changes or practices of work. Fieldwork, advanced spatial analyses, putting the spatial depth of urban structure with its related built densities and street network central, and design explorations, driven by trends and looking into extremes, are used to envision different possible future evolutions of the city.

Main methods: Design is always approached multi-scalar. In the analytic aspect qualitative fieldwork, design testing, as well as advanced spatial analysis, are integrated. Design and analysis are blending in scenario-driven spatial analyses, design pattern development and evidence-informed design. tools used: urban spatial morphology analysis (primarily spatial network and density analysis, including space syntax), spatial statistics to discover regularities in space-activity relations, fieldwork observations for people behaviour and place characteristics.

Exemplary thesis projects:

These projects are representative in their application of methods I encourage students I mentor to work with.

Relevant projects and publications of my own research relating to mixed-use and understanding and designing cities from a performative perspective:

(for further projects/publications, take a look at my profile at

Cities of Making JPI Urban Europe Project – Project concerned with building up an understanding of and developing (design) guidelines for urban conditions to facilitate manufacturing in European cities. (2017-2020)

Liveable Manufacturing Project in the framework of the Dutch Actie Agenda ‘Working together on the strength of design’. We investigate which spatial design on the neighbourhood and district scales can achieve a liveable integration of different types of manufacturing in mixed-use neighbourhoods. (2020-2021)


Hausleitner B., Hill A., Domenech T., Muñoz Sanz V. (2022) Urban Manufacturing for Circularity: Three Pathways to Move from Linear to Circular Cities. In: Amenta L., Russo M., van Timmeren A. (eds) Regenerative Territories. GeoJournal Library, vol 128. Springer, Cham.

Wandl, A, Hausleitner, B. (2021) Investigating functional mix in Europe’s dispersed urban areas. Environment and Planning B. Urban Analytics and City Science.

Unceta, P., Hausleitner, B., & Dąbrowski, M. (2020). Socio-Spatial Segregation and the Spatial Structure of ‘Ordinary’ Activities in the Global South. Urban Planning, 5(3), 303-318. doi:

Hill, Adrian V (ed.). (2020) Foundries of the Future: a Guide to 21st Century Cities of Making. With contributions by: Ben Croxford, Teresa Domenech, Birgit Hausleitner, Adrian Vickery Hill, Han Meyer, Alexandre Orban, V.ctor Muñoz Sanz, Fabio Vanin and Josie Warden. Delft. TU Delft Open, 2020. Download it here

Hausleitner, B. (2019) Mixed-Use City: Configurations from Street Network to Building Plot. in: DASH Home Work City. Publisher: Nai010 publishers. You can access it here

Hausleitner, B., Berghauser Pont, M. (2017). Development of a configurational typology for micro-businesses integrating geometric and configurational variables. Proceedings XI space syntax conference, Lisbon. You can access it here

Berghauser Pont, Stavroulaki, Gil, Marcus, Serra, Hausleitner, Olsson, Abshirini, Dhanani (2017). Quantitative comparison of cities: Distribution of street and building types based on density and centrality measures.  Proceedings XI space syntax conference, Lisbon. You can access it here

Hausleitner, B. (2014) ‘Kleinschalige bedrijvigheid als component van vitale steden’, in Meyer, H., Westrik, J., and Hoekstra, M. (eds) Het programma en ruimtegebruik van de stad. Uitgeverij Bom, pp. 108–125.

Hausleitner, B. (2012) Re-Using the built material. In book: Recycling City: lifecycles, embodied energy, inclusion, Chapter: PART 3: RECYCLING TERRITORIES, Publisher: Giavedoni editore, Pordenone, Editors: Fabian L, Giannotti E., Vigano P., pp.p. 258-267